Does Skill Make Us Human?
Migrant Workers in 21st Century Qatar and Beyond
Skill—specifically the distinction between the “skilled” and “unskilled”—is generally defined as a measure of ability and training, but Does Skill Make Us Human? shows instead that skill distinctions are used to limit freedom, narrow political rights, and even deny access to imagination and desire. I take readers into Qatar’s booming construction industry in the lead-up to the 2022 World Cup, and through an unprecedented look at the experiences of migrant workers, I show that skill functions as a marker of social difference powerful enough to structure all aspects of social and economic life.
Through unique access to construction sites in Doha, in-depth research, and interviews, I explore how migrants are recruited, trained, and used. Despite their acquisition of advanced technical skills, workers are commonly described as unskilled and disparaged as “unproductive,” “poor quality,” or simply “bodies.” I demonstrate that skill categories adjudicate personhood, creating hierarchies that shape working conditions, labor recruitment, migration policy, the design of urban spaces, and the reach of global industries. I also discuss how skill distinctions define industry responses to global warming, with employers recruiting migrants from climate-damaged places at lower wages and exposing these workers to Qatar’s extreme heat. I consider how the dehumanizing politics of skill might be undone through tactical solidarity and creative practices.
With implications for immigrant rights and migrant working conditions throughout the world, Does Skill Make Us Human? examines the factors that justify and amplify inequality.
American Sociological Association—Sociology of Development 2022 Best Book Award; American Sociological Association—Labor and Labor Movements 2022 Best Book Award;
American Collegiate School of Planning — John Friedmann Book Award 2022
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